The most prevalent autoimmune disorder in America is diabetes, with 29 million people with either Type I or Type II. Nearly every aspect of your health is affected by diabetes, often in ways that you may not think.
Diabetic patients experience damage to the smallest blood vessels in the body, known as capillaries. These are very fragile structures, and when they become damaged, healthy, oxygenated blood can’t reach these areas. Think about it like a broken-down country road, supplies are stuck.
Diabetes is a leading factor in tooth loss, and that risk increases significantly with uncontrolled glucose levels.
If you are diabetic, it is crucial to take special care of your oral health. In today’s blog, your Silver City, NM dentist describes how your health might be affected by diabetes.
Dehydration And Dry Mouth
When your blood glucose is elevated, the body rapidly creates new bodily fluids, in order to load with glucose to send out from the blood. The primary avenue for this is through urination. With this excessive urine output comes inevitable rapid dehydration. This means that you’re more likely to experience dry mouth.
Our saliva is a highly antibacterial fluid, which is full of enzymes to protect our mouths. If a patient’s glucose levels are not maintained properly, diabetics see a greatly increased level of infection. This is very dangerous to the health of the teeth and oral health in general.
Diabetes Can Change Your Saliva
Hyperglycemia, also known as high blood sugar, can become medical issues in a wide variety of ways. An aspect of oral health that is often overlooked is how it increases glucose in the saliva.
When glucose levels in the blood rise, the body pushes out excess sugar through any mechanism it has available to it. The primary avenue for this is through our liquid secretions. Concentrated glucose is expelled through sweat, urine, and saliva.
This means that the body is cultivating an environment that’s pretty close to that of someone who’d been eating a lot of candy or drinking sugary drinks. But unlike with those situations, brushing your teeth will not make the situation improve, as your body will create more saliva.
What’s The Risk?
It is important to know that 1 in 5, or 20% of tooth loss is directly connected to diabetes.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is also much more likely to develop in diabetic patients. This can lead to gum recession, which leaves the roots of the teeth uncovered. Without the gum’s protection, infection can develop within the structure of the tooth itself.
What Steps Should You Take?
For patients with diabetes, closely monitored blood sugars will make a large difference in the outcomes in oral health. You minimize the damage to the body by keeping your levels similar to those of non-diabetics.
Like with a healthy patient, a solid oral hygiene regimen is crucial to maintaining a fantastic smile. Twice daily tooth brushing should only be your start, and daily flossing and an oral rinse are very important.
Call Dr. Caytlyn Bonura at Silver Smiles in Silver City, NM!
As a true family dentist, Dr. Caytlyn Bonura offers caring, patient-centered dentistry in a welcoming, comfortable environment. From young children to teens, and adults of all ages, Silver Smiles offers a comprehensive list of family, cosmetic, and restorative dentistry services that are tailored to your specific needs. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Bonura, call Silver Smiles in Silver City, NM, today at (575) 534-3699. We also proudly welcome patients from Lordsburg, Bayard, Deming, and all surrounding communities.